(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
Organized sound
1. music; classical, semiclassical, or popular music, rock [& roll] music, country [and western] music, world music; acid, punk, hard metal, hard, or soft rock; soul [music], blues; swing, jive, boogie-woogie, progressive jazz, bop, bebop, third stream, stomp; hillbilly or country music, rockabilly; western music; concert, light, or dinner music, Tafelmusik, Muzak, Hausmusik; electronic music, musique concrète; serial music, minimalism. Informal, longhair or pop music, pops, canned music.
2. composition, opus, arrangement, movement; full score, [musical] score, [piano] vocal score, miniature score, piano-conductor score; book, fake book. Slang, maps.
3. instrumental music; chamber music, incidental music, suite; solo, duo, duet, trio [sonata], quartet, quintet, sextet, septet, octet, nonet, dectet; prelude, sonata, rondo, rondeau, pastorale, concerto, concertino, concerto grosso, concert, musicale, overture, symphony, divertissement, fantasy, fantasia, partita; cadenza, cadence; fugue, toccata, round, canon; serenade, nocturne, prelude, adagio, minuet; lullaby; dirge, pibroch; march.
4. vocal music; [Gregorian or Anglican] chant, psalm, psalmody, plainsong, response, evensong; hymn, anthem; melody, strain, tune, air; song, canticle, lay, ballad, ditty, carol, pastoral, recitative, aria; sea chantey, work song, folk song, popular song, ballad, jingle; yodeling, crooning; part song, descant, glee, madrigal, catch, round, canon, chorus, antiphony; cantata, oratorio; [light or comic] opera, operetta, music[al] theater, musical comedy.
5. dance music, syncopation, ragtime, jazz; bolero, fandango, tango, mazurka, gavotte, minuet, polka, waltz, two-step, fox trot, reel, jig, hornpipe, conga, rumba, samba, cha-cha; rock [& roll]. See dance.
6. (popular music)
a. rock, [deep or acid] house, acid rock, acoustic rock, techno, jungle, trip-hop, electronica, alternative rock, disco, doo-wop, folk rock, funk, groove, fusion, gangsta rap, glitter rock, hard rock, heavy metal, hip-hop, jungle, Motown, new wave, bluebeat, power pop, psychedelic music, punk rock, rhythm and blues, rap, rave, reggae, rock & roll, scratch, shockabilly, grunge, homocore, ska, soft rock, soul, stadium rock, surf music, thrash, zydeco. Slang, cock rock.
b. jazz, groove, hambone, barrelhouse, [be]bop, big band, blues, boogie-woogie, fusion, high life, naked or gutbucket jazz, honky-tonk, cool jazz, Dixieland, hot jazz, swing, ragtime, progressive jazz, New Orleans or Kansas City jazz, ragtime.
c. country [and western] music, rockabilly, western rock, down-home, bluegrass, folk music, gospel, jug band, protest music, skiffle.
d. popular music, easy listening. Slang, ear candy, elevator music.
7. world music, raga, klezmer, Cajun, Goa, gagaku, mbaqanga, salsa, soca, zouk, lambada, zydeco.
8. (musical instruments)
a. musical instrument; orchestra, [marching] band, chamber orchestra, palm court orchestra, combo, dance band; jug band, jazz band; mariachi, gagaku orchestra, gamelan. Slang, ax.
b. strings, winds, drums, percussion, woodwinds, reeds, brass, horns.
c. harp, lyre, lute, dulcimer, mandolin, guitar, gittern, cithern, cither, zither, theorbo, psaltery, ukulele, banjo, koto, sitar; violin, fiddle, Cremona, Stradivarius, Amati, Guarnerius; [violon]cello, viol, viola, viola da braccio or da gamba, bass viol. Slang, air guitar.
d. piano[forte], grand, baby grand, spinet, upright [piano]; harpsichord, clavichord, virginal; fortepiano; celeste, keyboard glockenspiel. Slang, eighty-eights.
e. [pipe or electronic] organ, harmonium, barrel organ; hurdy-gurdy, Aeolian harp, calliope; siren; pipe, pitchpipe, flute, fife, piccolo, flageolet, clarinet; oboe, hautboy, shawm, bassoon, bombarde; cornet, bugle, trumpet, [French] horn, serpent, saxhorn, trombone, sackbut, saxophone; accordion, concertina; bagpipes, whistle, ocarina; althorn, tuba; harmonica, Melodica; mouth organ, kazoo; jew's harp; gewgaw. Slang, squawk box; squeeze box; sax[e]; harp[oon]; licorice stick.
f. cymbal, bell, gong, tambour, tambourine, snare or trap drum, bass drum, bongo, tomtom; kettledrum, tympanum; timbal, timbrel; steel drums; castanets; musical glasses, sounding board, rattle, bones; triangle; xylophone, marimba, vibraphone or -harp; glockenspiel. Slang, skins, woodpile.
g. baton, wand, stick; drumsticks; music stand, podium; metronome; tuning bar, box, fork, or hammer.
9. (musical terms) staff, key, bar, space, [C, G, F, treble, soprano, mezzosoprano, alto, tenor, baritone, violin, or bass] clef, [key or time] signature, note, grace note, tone, rest; tie, slur; pitch; accent, accidental; barline; [pentatonic, whole tone, minor, or major] scale, mode, gamut, degree; [double] flat or sharp; microtone, quartertone, interval, unison, second, semitone, whole tone, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, octave, diabolusin musica; supertonic, mediant, subdominant, dominant, superdominant, submediant, subtonic, leading tone; beat, downbeat, upbeat, tempo, rhythm, polyrhythm, rubato, syncopation; harmony, changes, counterpoint, homophony, dissonance, consonance; ornament, embellishment, mordent, trill, turn, roulade, coloratura, tremolo; touch, expression, solmization, fingering; [basso] continuo; theme, melody, tune, tone row; chord, triad, tone cluster, voicing; triplet, quintuplet, duplet; glissando, portamento; solo, duet, duo, trio, quartet, quintet; accompaniment, second. Slang, lick.
10. (the music business) performance, execution, set, set list; tour, roadie; jam session, hootenanny; eisteddfod, concert or recital hall; opera house; rock concert, mosh pit, crowd surging, head walking; airplay, playlist, disc jockey, deejay, DJ, video jockey, VJ, American Bandstand; recording, session, A- or B-side, cut, single, album, cassingle, LP, 45. long or extended play, compact disc, CD, cassette, DAT, eight-track tape, jukebox, karaoke, music video; cover, soundalike, original, standard, oldie, crossover hit, race record; Billboard, Downbeat, fanzine; MTV, Much Music, Tin Pan Alley; Grammy, hit parade, charts. Informal, payola; groupie, headbanger, metalhead, deadhead. Slang, def jam, gig, platter, beat box, ghetto blaster, rasta box.
11. (musicians)
a. musician, artist[e], performer, sideman, player; band, ensemble; [pickup or studio] band, garage band; pop group, rock band; talent. Slang, muso, solid sender, longhairs.
b. instrumentalist; organist, pianist; flutist, flautist, fifer, oboist, clarinetist, bassoonist, saxophonist; violinist, fiddler, violist, cellist, bassist; harper, harpist; bugler, trumpeter, horn player, trombonist; percussionist, tympanist, drummer; accordionist. Slang, hide-beater, mice.
c. vocalist, melodist, singer, warbler, backup singer, minnesinger, troubadour, minstrel, bard, chanter, cantor, chantress, songstress, caroler, chorister; crooner, blues singer, folk singer, yodeler, calypso singer, scat singer, patter singer; soprano, mezzo[-soprano], [contr]alto, countertenor, tenor, baritone, bass-baritone, bass, buffo, falsettist, castrato; songbird, nightingale, philomel, thrush, mockingbird; Orpheus, Apollo, the Muses, Euterpe, Terpsichore; siren, Lorelei. Slang, bird, canary, chorine.
d. dancer, coryphée, ballet dancer, ballerina. See amusement.
e. conductor, bandmaster, choirmaster; leader, concertmaster, first violin; composer, arranger, orchestra, scorer.
12. (study of music) musicology, ethno[musicology], world music, eurythmics, orchestration, instrumentation, music theory.
Verbs — compose, arrange, adapt, set to music, transpose, melodize, harmonize, orchestrate, score; accompany; execute, perform, play, sing, pipe, fiddle, beat the drum, blow or sound the horn, twang, plunk, pluck, pick, thrum, strum; strike up, tune up; keep time; sing, chant, hum, warble, carol, chirp, chirrup, trill, twitter, whistle, intone, lilt. Informal, belt. Slang, scratch, kick, rap, break, bust out, chat, cut, drop, freak, jam, throw out, bear down, blow down, count it off, busk.
1. musical, instrumental, vocal, choral, singing, lyric, operatic; harmonious, melodious, tuneful, melodic, symphonic, orchestral; classical, popular. Informal, longhair, pop.
2. in tune, on pitch; chromatic, atonal, diatonic, enharmonic, pentatonic; parlando; pianissimo, piano, mezzo-piano or -forte, forte, fortissimo; major, minor, augmented, diminished, perfect.
Adverbs — adagio, lento, andante, andantino, allegretto, allegro, vivace, presto, vivo; rallentando, ritardando, ritenuto, stringendo; diminuendo, crescendo; legato, sostenuto, marcato, staccato.
Quotations — If music be the food of love, play on (Shakespeare), Music has charms to soothe a savage breast (William Congreve), Jazz music is to be played sweet, soft, plenty rhythm (Jelly Roll Morton), The hills are alive with the sound of music (Oscar Hammerstein II), Playing "bop" is like Scrabble with all the vowels missing (Duke Ellington), A musician, if he's a messenger, is like a child who hasn't been handled too many times by man, hasn't had too many fingerprints across his brain (Jimi Hendrix), Today if something is not worth saying, people sing it (Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais), [Of Negro spirituals: ] Every tone was a testimony against slavery, and a prayer to God for deliverance from chains (Frederick Douglass), The heart of the melody can never be put down on paper (Pablo Casals), Opera... could not have been foreseen by any logical process (Sir Kenneth Clark), Opera's no business, it's a disease (Oscar Hammerstein I).
(Roget's IV) n.
1. [A combination of tone and rhythm]
Syn. harmony, melody, tune, air, strain, harmonics, song, minstrelsy, euphony, measure, refrain, phrasing, modulation cadence, the Nine*.
Terms used in music include: scale, chromatic scale, tempered scale, clef, note, tone, pitch, sharp, flat, accidental, major, minor, key, mode, orchestral coloring, orchestration, instrumentation, transposition, variation, improvisation, rhythm, melody, harmony, tempo, accent, beat, down-beat, up-beat, off-beat, syncopation, chord, dominant chord, subdominant chord, tonic chord, counterpoint, interval, timbre, volume, resonance. Musical forms for the voice include: opera, oratorio, hymn, art song, folk song, aria; see song . Musical forms for instruments include: symphony (the conventional four movements of a symphony are sonata, andante, scherzo, finale), concerto, concerto grosso, suite, partita; trio, quartet, quintet, overture, prelude, sonata, sonatina, Mass, scherzo, rondo, nocturne, caprice, invention, concertino, toccata, chaconne, passacaglia, fugue, étude, exercise, tone poem, symphonic poem, symphonic fantasy, fantAsia, variations, rhapsody, ballet music, serenade, ballad, march, canzonetta, rondino, pastorale, dance. Musical dance forms include: ballet, waltz, tango, polka; see dance 1 . General styles of music include: classical, long-hair*, serious, medieval, modern, folk, primitive, popular, national, sacred, secular, impressionistic, neoteric, baroque, neoclassical, neo-Bachian, modernistic, formal, Romantic, a cappella, program, pure, jazz; rhythm and blues, R and B, blues, jive, ragtime, boogiewoogie, light rock, hard rock, folk rock, acid rock, heavy metal, New wave, punk rock, funk, technopop, rock-and-roll, bebop, bop, soul, New Age, rap, grunge, reggae, zydeco, fusion, ragtime, swing, barrelhouse, big band, bluegrass, country and western, country. Styles of music according to its technical form include: melodic, polyphonic, contrapuntal, homophonic, Gregorian, strict, free, harmonic, lyric, epic, dramatic, pastoral, figured, atonal, whole toned, diatonic, pentatonic, twelve-tone, aleatoric, modal, syncopated. Styles of music according to its method of performance include: vocal, instrumental, solo, choral, orchestral. Styles of music according to its use include: operatic, symphonic, chamber, dance, concert, motion picture, theatrical, ecclesiastical, church, military, concert, ballet.
2. [The study or writing of music]
Syn. musicology, ethnomusicology, musicography, hymnology, hymnography.
3. [Responsiveness to music]
Syn. musical appreciation, sensitivity, aesthetic sense; see appreciation 3 , feeling 4 .
face the music*,
Syn. accept the consequences of one's actions, suffer, undergo; see endure 2 .
set to music,
Syn. compose music for, write a song around, provide a musical setting; see compose 3 .
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) n.
melodies, rhythms, vocals, instrumentals, harmonies, singing, orchestrations, arrangements, tunes, sounds, tones, compositions, *canned, Muzak, longhair, rock, funk, rhythm and blues (R&B), rap, hip hop, punk, acid rock, heavy metal, top forty, boogie woogie, jazz, bebop, Dixieland, ragtime, folk, country and western, bluegrass, zydeco, swing, soul, reggae, pop, easy listening, salsa, bossa nova, classical, opera, ethnic, polka, march, baroque, primitive, new age, gangsta rap. ''The speech of angels.''— Thomas Carlyle. ''A fluid architecture of sound.''—Roy Harris. ''The universal language of mankind.''—Longfellow. see musical instrument, opera, sing, song, rap
general music terms
above correct pitch: sharp
arrangement: composition
bar: measure
beats per measure: meter
below correct pitch: flat
changing key of composition: transposing
chord with notes played individually in quick succession: arpeggio, broken chord
closing passage: coda
connection between two musical passages: bridge
dual melody: counterpoint
emphasis on a particular note: accent
highly skilled musician: virtuoso
horizontal lines on which notes are written: staff
informal rock or jazz session: jam
in-tune, pleasant-sounding: consonance
key and meter signs: signature
lowest notes or voice: bass
multiple notes played simultaneously: chord
multiple rhythms played simultaneously: polyrhythmic
out of tune, harsh-sounding: dissonance, discord
pause or silence: rest
performance of multiple song portions: medley
performing music on sight: sight reading
performing rights society: BMI
performing without notes: by ear
return to the original theme: reprise
school of music: conservatory
science of sound properties: acoustics
second or third highest voice class: alto
section or verse repeated: refrain
short composition: bagatelle
short melodic phrase on jazz or rock guitar: riff, lick
study of music: musicology
teaching of pitch and rhythm recognition: ear training
trumpeting intro: fanfare
words of song: lyrics
written music for movie or play: score
symphonic terms
composition of arias, duets, choruses in several movements: cantata
final movement: finale
instrumental composition preceding opera, oratorio or play: overture
instrumental composition with movements in varied keys, tempos: sonata
instrumental composition with several movements of dance music: suite
one section of a composition: movement
orchestra or musical society: philharmonic
polyphonic composition sung sequentially
by two or more vocalists: fugue
work or composition of a composer: opus
music directive
boldly: fiero
comically: burlesco
decrease in volume: decrescendo
delicately: delicato
fast tempo: allegro, presto
loudly, very: fortissimo
moderate tempo: andante
mournfully: funerale
slow: adagio
slow, extremely: adagissimo
softly: sotto voce
softly, sweetly: dolce
softly, very: pianissimo
spoken: parlato
volume, half the singer’s normal: mezza voce
volume, increase in: crescendo
wildly: furioso

English dictionary for students. 2013.


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